International Sheep and Wool Handbook                     Beef Cattle: Production and Trade (CSIRO Publishing 2014)

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Beef Cattle Production and Trade covers all aspects of the beef industry from paddock to plate. It is an international text with an emphasis on Australian beef production, written by experts in the field.

The book begins with an overview of the historical evolution of world beef consumption and introductory chapters on carcass and meat quality, market preparation and world beef production. North America, Brazil, China, South-East Asia and Japan are covered in separate chapters, followed by Australian beef production, including feed lotting and live export. The remaining chapters summarise R&D, emphasising the Australian experience, and cover different production systems and aspects of animal husbandry such as health, reproduction, grazing, feeding and finishing, genetics and breeding, production efficiency, environmental management and business management. The final chapter examines various case studies in northern and southern Australia and covers areas such as feed demand and supply, supplements, pasture management, heifer and weaner management, and management of internal and external parasites.

The Beef Cattle book is now available, standard mail delivery for books costs $9/order.

The beef book can be ordered (15% discount) using Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Discover credit cards via (secure) paypal by clicking the buy now button below.

Other CSIRO Publishing sheep and cattle books that can be ordered with a discount (by clicking the buy now button) include:

Beef Cattle Production and Trade $120

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Sheep work in Ireland

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Copies of the sheep and wool book are available via email from info@wool.com or by downloading the AWI order form.

International Sheep and Wool Handbook Contents below.

Section A: Major World Sheep and Wool Industries

1. World Sheep Breeds and Production Early history Foundation species Sheep breed descriptions World sheep breeds Australian sheep breeds Comparison of breeds, strains and bloodlines World distribution of sheep World sheep population World wool trade World sheepmeat production and trade World sheep-milk production World production of sheepskins

2. Australian Industry Overview of the sheep and world industry Sheep numbers Wool production Sheepmeat production Production of sheepskins and byproducts Value of industry Structure of industry (zones/regions) Forms of sheep enterprise Meat and wool processing industries Recent and future developments in the industry

3. NZ Industry Overview of the sheep and world industry Sheep numbers Wool production Sheepmeat production Production of sheepskins and byproducts Value of industry- financial and cultural Structure of industry (zones/regions) Forms of sheep enterprise Meat and wool processing industries Recent and future developments in the industry

4. South American Industry Overview of the sheep and world industry Sheep numbers Wool production Sheepmeat production Production of sheepskins and byproducts Value of industry Structure of industry (zones/regions) Forms of sheep enterprise Meat and wool processing industries Recent and future developments in the industry

5. South African Industry Overview of the sheep and world industry Sheep numbers Wool production Sheepmeat production Production of sheepskins and byproducts Value of industry Structure of industry (zones/regions) Forms of sheep enterprise Meat and wool processing industries Recent and future developments in the industry

6. Chinese Industry Overview of the sheep and world industry Sheep numbers Wool production Sheepmeat production Production of sheepskins and byproducts Value of industry Structure of industry (zones/regions) Forms of sheep enterprise Meat and wool processing industries Indian and Japanese industries Recent and future developments in the industry

7. European Industry Overview of the sheep and world industry Sheep numbers Wool production Sheepmeat production Production of sheepskins and byproducts Value of industry Structure of industry (zones/regions) Forms of sheep enterprise Meat and wool processing industries Recent and future developments in the industry

Section B: Biological Principles

8. Breeding and Selection Breeding objectives Selection methods Crossbreeding methods Combining quantitative and molecular genetics Bureaus, e.g. Sheep Genetics Australia Recent and future developments in breeding and selection

9. Reproduction Physiology of reproduction Regulation of natural reproductive performance in ewes Regulation of natural reproductive performance in rams Mating systems Artificial regulation of reproductive performance Current and future developments in reproduction

10. Pregnancy, Lactation and Survival Physiology of pregnancy and lambing Embryo mortality Factors affecting foetal growth and development Peri-natal mortality Diagnosis of pregnancy and of litter size Identifying the causes of reproductive wastage Nutrient requirements for pregnancy, lambing and early lactation Lambing management systems Improving lamb survival Current and future developments

11. Lactation and Lamb Growth Udder growth and milk removal Measurement of milk yield Lactation performance Nutrient requirements of lactating ewes Nutrition of sucking lambs Artificial rearing of lambs Practical considerations Current and future developments

12. Weaner Management Pre-weaning nutrition Post-weaning nutrition Management Current and future developments

13. Digestion and Metabolism Anatomy and physiology of GIT Ruminant digestion Feed intake Composition of feed Maintenance and production requirements Vitamins, minerals, water and additives Current and future developments

14. Feeding Feed preference and selective grazing Mineral nutrition Feeding the ewe Integration of sheep and crops Drought feeding Hand feeding Current and future developments in sheep feeding

15. Wool Growth and Production Structure of the skin Follicle development Follicle structure and fibre growth Structure of wool and hair fibres Composition of wool and hair fibres Biosynthesis of wool keratins Cyclic activity of follicles Fibre growth rate and quality Fleece Weight and its Component Traits Fibre Diameter, Staple Strength, Style, Handle and Curvature Wool Colour and Fleece Rot Contamination - Dark and Medullated Fibres and Vegetable Matter Physiological and environmental influences on wool production Management for wool production Current and future developments in wool production

16. Meat Growth The Australian and World Sheepmeat Industry Muscle Structure, Contraction and Energy Metabolism Connective Tissue Muscle Type Early Post-Mortem Biochemical Events Muscle Type Muscle Bone and Fat in the Body The Musculature of the Body Fat Partitioning and Distribution The Biochemistry of Fat Growth and Development Pattern of Feeding and Growth Nutrition of Meat Sheep Crossbreeding Management - Finishing Lean Meat Yield Pre Slaughter Management Dual Purpose Sheep Enterprises Key Profit Drivers for Sheepmeat Enterprises Measurement of Carcase Characteristics Sensory Measurement of Meat Quality Objective Analysis of Tenderness Water Holding Capacity Marbling Meat Flavour On-Farm Quality Assurance for Sheepmeat Current and future developments in Meat Production

Section C: Management

17. Sheep Management Husbandry Calendars Precision Sheep Management Lamb marking Mulesing Lamb and Wool Production from Perennial and Annual Pastures Sheep Production in Mediterranean Environments Sheep Production in Semi-arid Rangelands Dry Year Management and Supplementary Feeding Farm Management Methods Economics of Sheep Production Benchmarking Sheep Performance Managing Risk in Sheep Production Economic Sustainability Finance and Taxation Issues Legal Issues and Regulations Economic Policy Issues Current and Future Developments in Sheep Management

18. Pasture Management World Sheep Grazing Environments Australian Environments Climate Change Impacts Pasture Improvement Grazing Management Weed Management Irrigated Pastures Recent and Future Developments in Pasture Management

19.Sustainable land and water management Introduction to Sustainability Introduction to Ecology Economic Sustainability Social Sustainability Sustainability in Context Soil Sustainability Water Sustainability Plant Sustainability Remnant Vegetation Animal Sustainability Sustainable Biophysical Systems Natural Resource Policy Catchment Management Property Planning Measure/Monitor/Benchmark Triple Bottom Line Approaches and Timescale Managing Grazing Systems Sustainably Case Study A - Northern Tablelands of New South Wales Case Study B - Southern Western Australia Case Study C - Northern Wheat/Sheep Belt Case Study D - Southern Wheat/Sheep Belt Case Study E – Rangelands Contemporary Global Issues and Future Directions for Australian Agriculture

20. Flock Health Feasible health programs Concepts of immunology Framework for health Reproductive health Lamb marking Skin health problems Parasites and sheep health Sheep feedlots Supplementary feeding problems Transport health problems Flock health schemes and production monitoring Current and future developments in sheep health

21. Farm Structures Farm fencing The fence as a structure Factors affecting security of a fence Fence wires: types, spacing and knots The structural behaviour of posts Posts: materials, types and spacings Fire resistance of fencing Electric fencing Sheep yards Shearing sheds Sheep behaviour in yards and sheds Integrated handling systems - laneways, sheep handling units, watering points and easy movement Recent and future developments in farm structures

Section D: Production Systems

22. Extensive Grazing Systems World rangeland systems Australian rangeland systems Land tenure Husbandry and management Nutrition Genetics Range management Integration with other systems Recent and future developments in extensive grazing systems

23. Coarse Wool Production Introduction to coarse wool sheep Seasonality of pasture growth Seasonality of lambing Attributes of wool grown by coarse wool sheep Seasonality of wool growth and associated changes in wool characteristics Seasonal challenges from environmental factors (fungal toxins, gastrointestinal parasites, flystrike) Interaction of wool growth with lambing (hormonal effects) Interaction of wool growth with feed quality and feed intake Shearing time versus wool characteristics important in processing Balancing selection for wool and meat characteristics in coarse wool sheep Management Clip preparation Marketing Current and future developments in coarse wool sheep

24. Intensive Systems Intensive systems around the world Irrigated pastures Management strategies for high lambing rates Artificial rearing Controlled breeding of sheep Suckling lambs and sheep dairying Sharlea sheep (suitable sheep, management, marketing, clip preparation, economics) Recent and future developments in intensive systems

Section E: Preparation, Processing and Marketing

25. Wool Preparation and Marketing Wool properties Clip preparation Wool metrology Wool marketing, packaging and transport Wool futures

26. Wool Processing Overview of Early Stage Processing Overview of Wool Yarn Manufacture An Overview of Wool Scouring Aqueous Scouring and Detergents Control and Instrumentation Scoured Wool Quality and Testing Wool Scouring Systems Carbonising Principles of Wool Carding Drafting and Gilling of Fibrous Assemblies Wool Combing Spinning Fundamentals of Yarn Technology Ring Spinning Systems Advanced Ring Spinning Latest Developments in Spinning and Non-wovens Preparation for Textile Weaving Weaving Technologies and Structures Principles of Yarn Requirements for Knitting Formation and Properties of Knitted Structures Fibre and Yarns for Carpets Wool Carpet Manufacture Overview of Non-wovens Manufacturing Principles of Wool Fabric Finishing Wet Finishing of Wool Fabrics Dry Finishing of Wool Fabrics Dyeing Principles and Dyes for Wool Fabrics Effect of Fibre Properties on Processing Performance – greasy wool to top Effect of Fibre Properties on Processing Performance – top to yarn

27. The Future of Wool as an Apparel Fibre Consumer market research Product trends Demographic shifts etc. Emergence of China and India Shifts in consumer power balance Ethical and environmental pressures Impacts on Growers Recent and future developments in the fibre apparel industry

28. Sheep Skins World production and trade Flaying Preserving Classification Fellmongering Tanning Recent and future developments in the sheepskin industry

29. Marketing of Sheep and Sheepmeats World Meat Consumption and Trade, Australian Markets and the Australian Meat Industry Live Sheep Export Lamb and Sheep Skins On Farm Quality Assurance for Sheepmeat Selecting a Target Market and Meeting Specifications for Sheepmeat Live Assessment of Lambs and Sheep for Sale Sheepmeat Marketing Methods

30. Processing of Sheep and Sheepmeats Pre-slaughter handling Lairage Slaughter process Carcase measurement Meat Inspection Chilling, Freezing Boning Processing methods Technology to enhance quality Grading sheep meat for eating quality Current and future developments in sheepmeat processing

Information about mobile feed bin trailers that control individual animal supplement intake can be found here.

Sheep work in Ireland

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